Cat Maine Coon: traits, characteristics and origin
Maine Coon

The Maine Coon, also known as American Longhair, is the largest domesticated breed of cat with a distinctive physical appearance and valuable hunting skills. It is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America, specifically native to the state of Maine, where it is the official state cat. The Maine Coon is now one of the most popular cat breeds in the world.


CategoryMedium & large breed
Country of originUnited States
Other namesCoon Cat, Maine Cat, Maine Shag, Snowshoe Cat, American Longhair

Maine Coons are the largest breed of domestic cat. Males weigh from 15 to 25 lb (6.8 to 11.3 kg) with females weighing from 10 to 15 lb (4.5 to 6.8 kg). The height of adults can vary between 10 and 16 in (25 and 41 cm) and they can reach a length of up to 48 in (120 cm), including the tail, which can reach a length of 14 in (36 cm) and is long, tapering, and heavily furred, almost resembling a raccoon's tail. The body is solid and muscular, which is necessary for supporting their own weight, and the chest is broad. In 2010, the Guinness World Records accepted a male purebred Maine Coon named "Stewie" as the "Longest Cat" measuring 48.5 in (123 cm) from the tip of his nose to the tip of his tail. Stewie died February 4, 2013, from cancer at his home in Reno, Nevada, at age 8.


The ancestral origins of the Maine Coon are unknown—there is only speculation and folk tales. One such folk tale involves Marie Antoinette, the Queen of France, who was executed in 1793. The story goes that before her death, Antoinette attempted to escape France with the help of Captain Samuel Clough. She loaded Clough's ship with her most prized possessions, including six of her favorite Turkish Angora cats. Although she did not make it to the United States, her pets safely reached the shores of Wiscasset, Maine, where they bred with other short-haired breeds and developed into the modern breed of the Maine Coon. A myth which is trait-based, though genetically impossible, is the idea that the modern Maine Coon descended from ancestors of semi-feral domestic cats and raccoons. This myth would account for the common color of the breed (brown tabby) and its bushy tail.


Maine Coons are known as the "gentle giants" and possess above-average intelligence, making them relatively easy to train. They are known for being loyal to their family and cautious—but not mean—around strangers, but are independent and not clingy. The Maine Coon is generally not known for being a "lap cat" but their gentle disposition makes the breed relaxed around dogs, other cats, and children. They are playful throughout their lives, with males tending to be more clownish and females generally possessing more dignity, yet both are equally affectionate. Many Maine Coons have a fascination with water and some theorize that this personality trait comes from their ancestors, who were aboard ships for much of their lives. Maine Coons are also well known for being very vocal cats. They are known for their frequent yowling, chattering, chirping, "talking" (especially "talking back" to their owners), and making other loud vocalizations!


Maine Coon cats are a breed of cats that are loved for their intelligence and charm. They are known to be loyal, friendly, and affectionate, making them a great pet for any family. If you are considering adopting a Maine Coon cat, here are some tips to help you make the most of your new companion. First, make sure you provide plenty of toys and activities for your Maine Coon to keep them entertained. They are an active breed that loves to explore and play. You can also give them plenty of love and attention, as they thrive on human interaction. Second, ensure you give your Maine Coon regular grooming. They have long, thick fur that needs to be brushed regularly to prevent matting. Also, trim their nails regularly and check their ears for any dirt or debris. Finally, provide a healthy diet for your Maine Coon. They are prone to obesity, so make sure you feed them a high-quality diet with plenty of fresh, nutritious food. By following these tips, you can help ensure your Maine Coon cat is happy and healthy. With a little patience and love, you can enjoy many years of companionship with your new furry friend.

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